Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal



  • Article Processing Charge
  • Article Types
  • Authorship Policy
  • Digital Archiving
  • Formatting Requirements
  • General Submission Rules
  • Open Access
  • Peer-Review Policy
  • Permissions
  • Ethics and Principles
  • Publishing Agreement
  • Informed Consent and Research Ethics
  • Statements and Conventions
  • Submission Requirements
  • Who Can Submit?
  • Article Processing Charge

    Upon acceptance of your manuscript, you will be charged a one-time Article Processing Charge (APC) of $300 or $200 for AAPINA members. This fee applies to manuscripts, editorials, and introductions published in the journal. The APC is charged to you or your funder, institution, or employer. This fee covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely available. Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online.

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    Article Types

    Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal accepts research papers, empirical and theoretical articles, editorials, abstracts of recent dissertations, and conference summaries.

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    Authorship Policy

    Only submit manuscripts once consent has been given by all contributing authors. Those submitting manuscripts should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship:
    1. (1) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. (2) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. (3) Approved the version to be published,
    4. (4) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all four of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. When a large group has created the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information.

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    Digital Archiving

    Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal participates in industry-standard discovery and preservation tools. Articles from the journal are placed in the world’s major library catalogs and databases (OCLC Worldcat, ProQuest’s Summon, Ex Libris’s Primo, and EBSCO Discovery). Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal is preserved in CLOCKSS and Portico, the two leading preservation archives that guarantee persistent access for the very long term. Articles also receive Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) from the CrossRef organization to ensure they can always be found.

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    General Submission Rules

    Submitted articles cannot have been previously published, nor be forthcoming in an archival journal or book (print or electronic). Please note: "publication" in a working-paper series does not constitute prior publication. In addition, by submitting material to Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal, the author is stipulating that the material is not currently under review at another journal (electronic or print) and that he or she will not submit the material to another journal (electronic or print) until the completion of the editorial decision process at Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal. If you have concerns about the submission terms for Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal, please contact the editors.

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    Formatting Requirements

    Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal has no general rules about the formatting of articles upon initial submission. There are, however, rules governing the formatting of the final submission. See Final Manuscript Preparation Guidelines for details. Although bepress can provide limited technical support, it is ultimately the responsibility of the author to produce an electronic version of the article as a high-quality PDF (Adobe's Portable Document Format) file, or a Microsoft Word, WordPerfect or RTF file that can be converted to a PDF file.

    It is understood that the current state of technology of Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) is such that there are no, and can be no, guarantees that documents in PDF will work perfectly with all possible hardware and software configurations that readers may have.

    Obtaining English-Language Help for Your Submission

    Authors who want to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider utilizing the services of a non-affiliated company that offers professional editing services to authors of journal articles in the areas of science, technology, medicine, or the social sciences. Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services. Please supply any personal acknowledgements separate of the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

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    Open Access

    Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal is an Open Access publication; all articles are freely available online immediately upon publication. All articles are rigorously peer-reviewed, and brought to publication as rapidly as possible. Production costs are covered by Article Processing Charges paid by the author, institution, or funder upon acceptance of the manuscript (see below, Article Processing Charge). There is no charge for submitting a paper to Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal. For more information, please see Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal Aims and Scope page.

    The journal strives to meet the principles of transparency and best practice for scholarly publications as outlined on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) website.

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    Peer-Review Policy

    Following a preliminary evaluation to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal, all papers are sent out for review. To help the Editor, please include a cover letter indicating why you think the paper suitable for publication. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by at least two expert reviewers. Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal utilizes an anonymous double-blind peer-review process. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor who then makes the final decision.

    Peer reviewers play a role in ensuring the integrity of the scholarly record. The peer review process depends to a large extent on the trust and willing participation of the scholarly community and requires that everyone involved behaves responsibly and ethically. For guidelines to peer reviewers please see COPE Guidelines for peer-reviewers.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will not be involved in the decision-making process.

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    It is the authors responsibility to obtain permission from copyright holders for reproducing illustrations, tables, figures, or lengthy quotations. This includes copyright of the author's own material. Papers without correct permissions will not be published.

    Figures, graphs, and tables that are supplied in color will appear in color online. Please do not submit unclear images as we are unable to improve upon them before publication. If images do not meet minimum quality standards they may be removed from the manuscript prior to publication.

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    Ethics and Principles

    The editor(s) and publisher believe that there are fundamental principles underlying scholarly and professional publishing. While this may not constitute a formal "code of conduct", these fundamental principles with respect to the authors' manuscript are that the manuscipt should:

    • • contain the authors' own original work, which has not been previously published elsewhere. To verify originality, each article is checked by the editorial staff of the journal using plagiarism checking software.
    • • be based upon the authors' own research and analysis and do so in a truthful and complete manner,
    • • properly credit the contributions of co-authors and co-researchers,
    • •only submit to one journal for consideration (ensuring it is not under simultaneous peer review), and
    • •be appropriately placed within the context of prior and existing research
    • It is important to abide by ethical guidelines dealing with research methods and research funding, including issues dealing with informed consent, research subject privacy rights, conflicts of interest, and sources of funding.

      Expectations of authors and editors are that they will abide by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). standards and that any conflicts of interest are disclosed. More resources for editors are available from COPE, including an eLearning program on how to handle and prevent different ethics allegations.

      The journal takes issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. The editor and/or publisher will investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

      The University of Hawaii Press works with AAPINA and the journal editorial office to abide by our Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

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      Publishing Agreement

      Articles in Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal are freely available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).The Creative Commons Attribution License allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly cited. For more information, visit the Creative Commons licenses page.

      Copyright is retained by the author(s). Where an author is prevented from being the copyright holder (i.e., U.S. government employees), the copyright line and license statement in individual articles will be adjusted. Please contact the editors during or immediately after submission of your paper.

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      Statements and Conventions

      State Acknowledgments at the end of your article, followed by your Declaration of Conflicting Interests and then Funding acknowledgments.


      Those who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might not be listed as an author include a person who only provided technical assistance, writing assistance, general support.

      Conflicts of Interest

      Within APIN's publishing agreement, you will be required to declare any conflicting interests. It is the journal's policy that all authors provide a statement declaring conflicting interests within the paginated pages of the published article. Please include declarations prior to the Reference section. If no declaration is made, then 'None Declared' will be listed following that heading. Alternatively, you may wish to state that 'The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest'. Please list any financial relationships between the author(s) and a sponsoring organization(s). An additional disclosure is needed for any involvement that might represent a conflict of interest. Please disclose this information in a letter to the Editor at the time of submission. The Editor will evaluate if sufficient disclosure has been made.

      Funding Acknowledgment

      To comply with the guidance for research funders, Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal requires that all authors acknowledge their funding. The funding agency should be written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets.

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      Informed Consent and Research Ethics

      Authors should observe high standards with respect to publication ethics as set out by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and ICMJE recommendations for reporting about patients. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without prior informed consent. Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) has given written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires the patient be shown the manuscript to be published. Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential, but patient data should never be altered or falsified to attain anonymity. We understand that complete anonymity is difficult to achieve. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. A statement addressing informed patient consent must be included as part of the manuscript under the heading ‘Consent’.

      Research Ethics

      All papers reporting the inclusion of animal or human subjects must provide in the paper whether written consent was obtained from the local Institutional Review Board or Ethics Committee or if no formal ethics committee is available, were in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration. Provide the full name and institution of the review committee and an Ethics Committee reference number. If the study is exempt from requiring ethics approval, this should be detailed in the paper (including the full name and institution of the review committee that granted the exemption).

      CONSORT and Trial Registration

      All randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart. Please refer to the CONSORT Checklist for more information.

      Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal has adopted the proposal from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) which requires, as a condition of consideration for publication of clinical trials, registration in a public trials registry. Trials must register at or before the onset of patient enrollment. The clinical trial registration number should be included at the end of the abstract of the article. Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal uses the National Institutes of Health definition of a clinical trial: “A research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes.” Visit the ICMJE website for more information.

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      Submission Requirements

      Article Length

      Manuscripts should be no more than 25 pages in length, including text, references, figures, and tables. Authors submitting manuscripts that exceed the page limit should send a query letter via email to the editor-in-chief explaining the need for additional length.

      Reports of Empirical Studies

      An introduction that provides a brief review of background material and clearly delineates the purpose of the study.

      A materials and methods section that provides sufficient detail for qualified investigators to replicate the study. Reference to published procedures by appropriate and succinct summary with citation is encouraged but should not be used to replace adequate methodological description. The journal endorses the Helsinki and the U.S. National Institutes of Health “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals”. It is an expectation that authors have conscientiously and consistently followed principles and practices in accord with these documents in experiments involving human subjects and experimental animals.

      A results section that provides a clear and concise description of the findings with appropriate reference to illustrations and tables.

      A discussion section that includes a summary of the main findings, their relation to other published work in the area, and a statement of their significance, including relevance to nursing practice.

      Theoretical, Methodological, and Invited Papers

      The papers should be organized in an appropriate, logical format for the material being addressed. Theoretical papers will be evaluated on their relevance to the focus of the journal, internal consistency, and the extent to which they contribute to advancement of knowledge of Asian/Pacific Island issues related to health and/or illness.

      Integrative Reviews of Literature

      Papers should address a focused, scientific question and display a logical organization. The criteria and search strategy used for selection of articles to include in the review should be made explicit. If appropriate, a figure linking concepts together or providing the framework for the content should be included.

      Notes: Abbreviations should be introduced in parentheses after the first occurrence of the term being abbreviated.

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      Who Can Submit?

      Anyone may submit an original article to be considered for publication in Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article. Authors are the initial owners of the copyrights to their works (an exception in the non-academic world to this might exist if the authors have, as a condition of employment, agreed to transfer copyright to their employer).

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