Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Corresponding Author

Johnny J. Yao Jr.


This study determined whether aging expectations predict engagement in healthy lifestyles. Furthermore, it determined whether self-efficacy mediates the relationship between aging expectations and engagement in healthy lifestyles. This study enlisted 95 respondents who are 60 years old and above in a large metropolitan area in the Philippines. A four-part instrument package was utilized to measure the respondent’s: (1) demographic profile, (2) aging expectations using the Expectations Regarding Aging (ERA-12) Survey, (3) engagement in healthy lifestyles using health-promoting lifestyle profile II (HPLP-II), and (4) self-efficacy using the self-efficacy for self-direction in health scale. Data were analyzed using linear regression and mediation analysis. Results show that aging expectations and self-efficacy predict engagement in healthy lifestyles. Moreover, self-efficacy is found to be a significant mediator between the variables. Programs that promote a positive aging expectation and high self-efficacy should be pursued by the government and non-government organizations.