Purpose: There was a growth of approximately ten million Asian Americans individuals in the United States between 2000-2015. Asian Americans have conservative values surrounding sexual health and sexual communication is a cultural taboo. Researchers have shown discrepancies on whether the level of acculturation influences Asian mother-daughter sexual communication. In other minority populations there is evidence that a connected mother-daughter relationship increases sexual communication and delays sexual initiation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether mother-daughter connectedness and level of acculturation predict sexual communication in turn affecting the age of female Asian emerging adult’s sexual initiation.
Methods: This was a longitudinal, secondary analysis of AddHealth examining whether mother-daughter connectedness and level of acculturation predict sexual communication. There were 243 Asian American mother-daughter dyads in Wave I with linked data in Wave III who were included in the study. Acculturation, connectedness, and sexual communication were all measured using interval level data.
Results: Connectedness did not significantly contribute to the relationship between any of the concepts. Although it was predicted that sexual communication would delay initiation the opposite was found. Also, communication mediated the relationship between acculturation and initiation.
Conclusions: Further studies are needed to explore how connectedness is defined by Asian American mother-daughter dyads. In addition, more detailed operational definitions of acculturation and communication are needed, specifically the timing of sexual communication.
Declaration of Conflicting Interests
Kim, B., Cai, Y., & Aronowitz, T. (2020). How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, and Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation. Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal, 5(1).