Numerous caves on Easter Island were occupied by the Island's early inhabitants Cave sites have been interpreted as residences. secret storage places. burial places. and refuge caves (Smith 1961 :257). Some of these sites have extensive modifications to the natural cave. O-Hae cave, located south of Ahu O-hae on the north coast of Easter Island, is an example of a residence cave which has been modified with the addition of stone walls and enclosures.

The purpose of the current research is to explore the nature of the occupation of the ana kionga in greater detail, using data from a recently excavated refuge cave, Site 6-356 (Stevenson 1988).