Tautain (1897:541) noted that not everyone was a landowner. Only the "the chiefly families (Papa Hakaiki) and those of the 'Akatia or 'Anatia) had this right." A garden might have a different owner than the land it was on, even to the extent of breadfruit trees with owners for each branch (Tautain 1897:541).
Addison, David J.
"Traditional Marquesan agriculture and subsistence: Ownership, division of labor, feasting, drought/famine, and fishing/canoe-travel. Part III of IV,"
Rapa Nui Journal: Journal of the Easter Island Foundation: Vol. 21
, Article 5.
Available at: https://kahualike.manoa.hawaii.edu/rnj/vol21/iss2/5